What is an echocardiogram and how it is done?

What is an echocardiogram?

An echocardiogram is a non-invasive ultrasound procedure that involves the evaluation of heart muscles, its structure and how it functions.

How is it done?

 Before carrying out the echocardiogram, the patient must be asked to remove any jewelry or other objects which may cause hindrance while carrying out this ultrasound.

Clothing from waist up are removed and the patient is asked to wear a gown.

While ordered to lie straight on a bed, the patient will be connected to an ECG monitor to record the electrical activity of the heart using small adhesive electrodes on the heart. The heart being monitored will be compared to the images being displayed on the ECG monitor in a dark room.

The technician will place a warm gel on the patient’s chest and place a transducer probe on the chest moving them around the chest with different pressures over different areas to obtain proper images of the heart, but that pressure should let the patient feel comfortable otherwise patient must let the technologist know that it’s not comfortable.

After this process, the technologist will remove the electrode pads and clean off the gel from chest, allowing the patient to put on his/her clothes.